Diabetic Eye Care Specialist

University Ophthalmology

Ophthalmologist located in Hyde Park, Chicago, IL

If you have Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes, diabetic eye care from an experienced ophthalmology team is crucial to protect your sight. At University Ophthalmology in the Hyde Park neighborhood of Chicago, Illinois, offers full-scale diabetic eye care including exams, early detection, diagnostics, and treatment of diabetic eye disease. Book your appointment online or by phone today.

Diabetic Eye Care Q & A

When do I need diabetic eye care?

The American Diabetes Association® recommends scheduling a diabetic eye exam within five years of your Type 1 diabetes diagnosis, or immediately after your Type 2 diabetes. About 20% of adults diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes already have eye damage related to diabetes at the time of diagnosis, so it's important to act fast. 

After your initial exam, your University Ophthalmology specialist recommends an eye care frequency appropriate for you. 

What does my diabetic eye exam include?

Diabetic eye exams at University Ophthalmology include a comprehensive eye exam with a visual acuity test, pupil dilation, and detailed retinal exam. 

Your retina is an area of particular importance in diabetic eye exams because it's the area where diabetic retinopathy develops. This disease can cause devastating damage, including blindness, so early detection and treatment is crucial.

What is diabetic retinopathy?

Diabetes can cause several eye diseases, including cataracts and glaucoma, but diabetic retinopathy is the most common eye complication of diabetes. Diabetic retinopathy is also one of the most common causes of vision loss in Americans today. 

In diabetic retinopathy, high blood sugar causes abnormalities in the blood vessels that nourish your eye's retina. This, in turn, causes damage leading to impaired vision or blindness over time.

How can I recognize the signs of diabetic retinopathy?

One of the biggest problems with diabetic retinopathy is that it's often asymptomatic until it's very advanced. But, some potential eye symptoms of diabetic retinopathy include:

  • Blurry vision
  • Changing vision
  • Specks or floaters 
  • Dark spots
  • Pain 
  • Pressure
  • Decreased peripheral vision

If you're dealing with any of these symptoms, see your University Ophthalmology doctor as soon as possible. 

What is the best way to treat diabetic retinopathy?

Regular diabetic eye care, in the form of comprehensive eye exams, is the best way to deal with diabetic retinopathy. Being proactive is vital with diabetic retinopathy, because tight diabetes control can dramatically reduce your risk of vision loss. 

If you've got macular edema or advanced diabetic retinopathy (proliferative retinopathy), laser surgery is typically the best treatment. Your ophthalmologist can use the laser to reduce retinal leakage in your eyes. Although it doesn't restore your vision, laser therapy might help delay or prevent further vision loss.  

Your ophthalmologist may also prescribe injected medication like steroids or anti-VEGF, which can help prevent further damage.  

The University Ophthalmology team puts genuine care into diabetic eye care, so book online or by phone now.